In term of e-commerce The process of transporting an item, usually to the customer's destination or another destination by customer is called as shipping. Shipping is a very basic, common way of getting an item from one place to another, or from one person to another.
This can be free or paid both. This depends on websites. Some website give free shipping to satisfy customer on another hand some website took charges from customer. Some websites has their own service for shipping or some sites hire another courier service for shipping.
For example we are taking a website named . When we want to buy some items and looking at the payment page we can see the shipping option or shipping charge calculate option.
Yeah, because our world is constantly developing we can easily now order something from the USA to Europe and get our parcel in less than a week. 50 years ago we didn't even dream about this.
Well, it depends. Today, because of the covid pandemic you will have to wait a bit more than a week for your parcel to come. Of course, it depends on the delivery company, as far as I know, FedEx is working faster than UPS or DHL, that is why their services are more expensive. Some years ago I ordered myself a car from Europe, I wanted to choose FedEx as a shipping company but at the moment they weren't able to deliver cars. Happily, some guys from https://www.tigercontainers.com/contact-us/shipping-containers-frem... helped me to put it in their container, and for a pretty small sum of money, I got my car in the US in about 2 months. They usually work on the Australian market, but sometimes they can ship also abroad the country.