Tattoos have become more and more popular in recent years. People always prefer diversified tattoo designs and styles to show off their personality while some would never think of tattooing pictures or symbols onto their bodies as permanent makeup — a type of tattoo — to emphasize their eyes and lips.
Therefore,we offer some useful info about how to tattoo for some newbeing here or some who are still hold suspicious attitude to tattooing—this fashion industry.
What is tattoo
Tattoos are made by injecting tattoo ink into a person’s skin. To do this, tattoo artists often use an electrically-powered tattoo machine. The machine moves a solid needle up and down to puncture the skin layers between 50 and 3,000 times per minute for line of tattoo image. While puncturing the skin, tattoo ink in the needles will be injected into the outer layer of skin and new tattoos come into being.
Professional and good quality tattoo kit
Details about specifications and components, refer to MYDEPOTS-your professional tattoo kit guide.
Next, we’ll look at how tattoo artists actually create tattoos, from preparation to finishing touches.
Before tattooing: Sterilize tattoo equipment & Prep Work
A tattoo machine creates a puncture wound every time it injects a drop of ink into the skin layer. Since any puncture wound has the potential for infection and disease transmission, most of the application process focuses on safety. Tattoo artists use sterilization, disposable materials and hand sanitation to protect themselves and their clients.
To eliminate the possibility of infection, most tattoo components, including inks, ink cups, gloves and needles, are single use. Many single-use items arrive in sterile packaging, which the artist opens in front of the customer just before beginning work.
Reusable components like needle bar and tubes, are sterilized before every use. The only acceptable sterilization method is an autoclave — a heat/steam/pressure unit often used in hospitals. Most units run a 55-minute cycle from a cold start, and they kill every organism on the equipment. To do this, an autoclave uses time, temperature and pressure in one of two combinations:
A temperature of 250° F (121° C) under 10 pounds of pressure for 30 minutes
A temperature of 270° F (132° C) under 15 pounds of pressure for 15 minutes
Prior to sterilizing the equipment, the artist cleans each item and places it in a special pouch. An indicator strip on the pouch changes color when the items inside are sterile.
Now, let’s look at how the artist creates the tattoo.
Tattooing Process: Outline, Shading and Color
Tattoo machine can be classified into line and shade gun for outline and shading/color respectively. Anyhow, most skilled tattoo artists choose some best-performed 12-wrap coil tattoo machine for both line and shading.
Clients work with artists to create custom tattoo designs, or chose images from flash, which are tattoo designs displayed in the shop. The artist draws or stencils the design onto the person’s skin, since the skin can stretch while the artist uses the tattoo machine. The artist must also know how deeply the needles need to pierce the skin throughout the process. Punctures that are too deep cause excessive pain and bleeding, and ones that are too shallow will make uneven lines.
The tattoo artist fills in a tattoo using a thicker needle. See the needle in action.The tattoo itself involves several steps:
Outlining: Using a single-tipped needle and a thin ink, the artist creates a permanent line over the stencil. Most start at the bottom of the right side and work up (lefties generally start on the left side) so they don’t smear the stencil when cleaning excess ink from the permanent line.
Shading: After cleaning the area with soap and water, the artist uses a thicker ink and a variety of needles to create an even, solid line. Improper technique during this step can cause shadowed lines, excessive pain and delayed healing.
Final cleaning and bandaging: After using a disposable towel to remove any blood and plasma, the artist covers the tattoo with a sterile bandage. Some bleeding always occurs during tattooing, but most stops within a few minutes.
After finishing tattoo cleaning and bandaging, never think you can be at ease from then on. You need to mind tattoo aftercare so much otherwise you may ruin a wonderful tattoo.