Experts are disagree as to the precise origins of batik
samples of dye resistance patterns on cloth can be traced back 1,500
years ago to Egypt and the Middle East. Samples have also been found in
Turkey, India, China, Japan and West Africa from past centuries.
Although in these countries people were using the technique of dye
resisting decoration, within the textile realm, none have developed
batik to its present day art form as the highly developed intricate batik
found on the island of Java in Indonesia.
Although there is mention of 'fabrics highly decorated' in Dutch
transcripts from the 17th century, most scholars believe that the
intricate Javanese batik
designs would only have been possible after the importation of finely
woven imported cloth, which was first imported to Indonesia from India
around the 1800s and afterwards from Europe beginning in 1815. Textile
patterns can be seen on stone statues that are carved on the walls of
ancient Javanese temples such as Prambanan (AD 800), however there is
no conclusive evidence that the cloth is batik. It could possibly be a
pattern that was produced with weaving techniques and not dying. What
is clear is that in the 19th century batik became highly developed and
was well ingrained in Javanese cultural life.
Some experts feel that batik
was originally reserved as an art form for Javanese royalty. Certainly
it's royal nature was clear as certain patterns were reserved to be
worn only by royalty from the Sultan's palace. Princesses and noble
women may have provided the inspiration for the highly refined design
sense evident in traditional patterns. It is highly unlikely though
that they would be involved in any more than the first wax application.
Most likely, the messy work of dyeing and subsequent waxings was left
to court artisans who would work under their supervision.
Javanese royalty were known to be great patrons of the arts and
provided the support necessary to develop many art forms, such as
silver ornamentation, wayang kulit (leather puppets) and gamelan
orchestras. In some cases the art forms overlap. The Javanese dalang
(puppeteer) not only was responsible for the wayang puppets but was
also Tambil Miring Designan important source of batik patterns. Wayang
puppets are usually made of goat skin, which is then perforated and
painted to create the illusion of clothing on the puppet. Used puppets
were often sold to eager ladies who used the puppets as guides for
their batik patterns. They would blow charcoal through the holes that
define the patterns of clothing on the puppets, in order to copy the
intricate designs onto the cloth.
Other scholars disagree that batik was only reserved as an art form for
royalty, as they also feel its use was prevalent with the rakyat, the
people. It was regarded an important part of a young ladies
accomplishment that she be capable of handling a canting (the pen-like
instrument used to apply wax to the cloth) with a reasonable amount of
skill, certainly as important as cookery and other housewifery arts to
Central Javanese women.
Now Batik has been approved by UNESCO
as a world cultural heritage from Indonesia. So, why dont you try to use Batik as main material for your fashion design. Any comment about this,,?
Source : www.indonesianbatikfabrics.info