Here students can find useful information about preparing abstracts of their report. Abstracts can be:
1) written on the content of scientific material;
2) written before the report is drawn up.
The first type of abstract is characterized by considerably reducing the volume of the scientific text material while maintaining its content. If the author does not have enough material, it is difficult to express your thoughts briefly.
The situation of the second type is common - at first write abstracts, which the author eventually expands to size articles. This is the predominance of the authors of the abstracts, presented at scientific conferences.
The difficulty of writing is that the author is not through formulated his idea of what he wanted to cover. In scientific research is the norm. It first appears an idea to write down. Next, you need to do this: the idea is in the public domain - and the author makes abstracts that can be sent to the conference. To make an idea understandable, it must be argued, enter the reader in problem, outline other aspects of the work. The original description of these records is short, as is the description of the idea itself. The volume of abstracts is 1-2 pages.
The structure of the abstracts is the following:
Setting a task: the history of the task, its significance (emphasis should be placed on modern communication relevant research), definition and terms (not all common ones should be listed), terms used in the work, but concepts inherent this particular industry, (it should be mentioned) is direct formulation of the task and its place in the general context research. By the way, if writing the abstracts is difficult you can find useful information on different websites, just choose one and you can find out more about different types of writing and papers including abstracts.
Methods used by the author: list of methods. The main research tools should also be identified, such as the laboratory where the study was conducted, scientific software, school, region, etc.
Main results: Your main ones should be stated achievement. Follow this point maximum clarity. However, if your technical results should be briefly explained. Your achievements in an accessible language. Make it clear what part of the problem stated in the first paragraph, you have fulfilled, and what is the significance of this part in the overall context of the task.
Conclusion and possible application research: describe the results in terms of the overall relevance to your field of study, formulate possible ways of accomplishing the task, and also opportunities in other fields of science (economy, production, etc.).
It should be remembered that abstracts should not contain detailed evidence/descriptions of study procedures. They should be clear about the study, but you cannot write about achievements or work accomplished not you.
Abstracts represent a certain normative, content-composition structure.
There are three types of abstract structures: problem statement or task; research results; new methods of work. The main aspects of writing the abstracts type are the formulation of the problem and problem-solving.
After writing abstracts like problem statement or task the following blocks must be presented: keywords; brief introduction (topicality of the topic); purpose of work (to pose a problem or task); review of existing views on the problem or description of the situation in the scientific field; own thoughts on this topic; predictable studies; conclusions (what task or problem for further resolution).