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5 Causes of Pain in Women During Ovulation

The pain in women during ovulation occurs due to hormonal changes in the body. Most often, it appears in the first days of the menstrual cycle and during ovulation in some women. If during menstruation, the presence of pain does not scare anyone, then during ovulation often raises questions. Ovulation pain is often not dangerous but sometimes it can be a sign of some disorders in your body:

1. Ovulatory Syndrome

If you experience pain in the right or left lower abdomen, it may be due to ovular syndrome. It appears in the middle of the menstrual cycle or 14 days before its start. Doctors warn that this syndrome changes monthly in its location. So if in January you had pain on the left side of the abdomen, then in February the right side will hurt. The pain is usually mild and lasts from several minutes to several hours.

In the middle of the cycle, bloating, bloody discharge, and cramps can occur but it is completely normal according to the experts. In their opinion, the ovulatory syndrome is not a reason to see a doctor with the exception of severe pain which can only be relieved with painkillers.

2. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

This is a hormonal disorder that develops in women if the production of male sex hormones (androgen) is too high. Complications from PCOS can be extremely serious. To find out if you have PCOS, you need to see a doctor who will conduct an examination and prescribe a blood test or ultrasound. 

If the diagnosis confirms it, treatment is carried out strictly individually. In addition to the appointment of special medications, it will be necessary to follow a special diet and also make sure that an unplanned pregnancy does not occur.

3. Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a common gynecological disease in which the cells of the endometrium (the inner layer of the uterus wall) grow outside this layer on the ovaries and vagina which causes pelvic pain and severe menstrual cramps.

If you think you have endometriosis, your doctor may prescribe a laparoscopic surgery that reduces or delays the progression of the disease in most (up to 92%) patients. Special medications may be prescribed.

4. Ectopic Pregnancy

If a fertilized egg is implanted somewhere outside the uterus (most often in the fallopian tubes), the woman has an ectopic pregnancy. One of its signs is a sharp one-sided pain in the lower abdomen.

If such symptoms appear, you should immediately consult a doctor who will conduct an examination and prescribe a blood test and ultrasound. If an ectopic pregnancy is confirmed, the doctor will have to remove the ectopic tissue either by injection or by surgery.

5. Irritable Bowel Syndrome

If you have IBS then abdominal pain, diarrhea, and constipation can occur regardless of the cycle but usually the pain increases right before the onset of menstruation. The reason is hormonal fluctuations, which during the cycle both exacerbate the symptoms of IBS and drown them out.

If you think you have IBS, consult your gastroenterologist. The doctor should formulate the treatment in such a way so as to reduce the symptoms you are experiencing.

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